Getting started in Nuxt

Install Lucia using your package manager of your choice.

npm i lucia
pnpm add lucia
yarn add lucia

Initialize Lucia#

Import lucia() from lucia and initialize it in its own api module (file). Export auth and its type as Auth. Make sure to pass the h3() middleware. We also need to provide an adapter but since it’ll be specific to the database you’re using, we’ll cover that in the next section.

// server/utils/lucia.ts
import { lucia } from "lucia";
import { h3 } from "lucia/middleware";

// expect error (see next section)
export const auth = lucia({
	env: ? "DEV" : "PROD",
	middleware: h3()

export type Auth = typeof auth;

Setup your database#

Lucia uses adapters to connect to your database. We provide official adapters for a wide range of database options, but you can always create your own. The schema and usage are described in each adapter’s documentation. The example below is for the Prisma adapter.

// server/utils/lucia.ts
import { lucia } from "lucia";
import { h3 } from "lucia/middleware";
import { prisma } from "@lucia-auth/adapter-prisma";
import { PrismaClient } from "@prisma/client";

const client = new PrismaClient();

const auth = lucia({
	env: "DEV", // "PROD" if deployed to HTTPS
	middleware: h3(),
	adapter: prisma(client)

Adapters for database drivers and ORMs#

Provider specific adapters#

Using query builders#

Set up types#

Create a TS declaration file (app.d.ts) in the server dir and declare a Lucia namespace. The import path for Auth is where you initialized lucia().

// server/app.d.ts
/// <reference types="lucia" />
declare namespace Lucia {
	type Auth = import("./utils/auth.js").Auth;
	type DatabaseUserAttributes = {};
	type DatabaseSessionAttributes = {};


If you’re using Node.js version 18 or below, you need to polyfill the Web Crypto API. This is not required if you’re using runtimes other than Node.js (Deno, Bun, Cloudflare Workers, etc) or using Node.js v20 and above.

import { lucia } from "lucia";
import "lucia/polyfill/node";

export const auth = lucia({
	// ...

This is a side-effect import which is excluded by Nuxt by default. Update your config to escape from the default behavior:

// nuxt.config.ts
export default defineNuxtConfig({
	// ...
	nitro: {
		moduleSideEffects: ["lucia/polyfill/node"]

Optionally, instead of doing a side-effect import, add the --experimental-global-webcrypto flag when running nuxt.

// package.json
	// ...
	"scripts": {
		"build": "NODE_OPTIONS=--experimental-global-webcrypto nuxt build",
		"dev": "NODE_OPTIONS=--experimental-global-webcrypto nuxt dev",
		"generate": "NODE_OPTIONS=--experimental-global-webcrypto nuxt generate",
		"preview": "NODE_OPTIONS=--experimental-global-webcrypto nuxt preview",
		"postinstall": "NODE_OPTIONS=--experimental-global-webcrypto nuxt prepare"
	// ...

Next steps#

You can learn all the concepts and general APIs of Lucia by reading the Basics section in the docs. If you prefer writing code immediately, check out the Starter guides page or the examples repository.

Remember to check out the Guidebook for tutorials and guides! If you have any questions, join our Discord server!



Please note that password hashing will not work on Free Bundled Workers; the allocated 10ms CPU time is not sufficient for this. Consider using unbound workers or paid bundled workers for hashing operations. This is not an issue when using OAuth.